It is a rare chance for you to understand the technicalities in English writing and grammar. By understanding the basics, a person is able to improve his or her reading, writing, and understanding skills as well. In our daily life, we are not intended to work on the basics but move towards the sense. If a sentence is making sense in reading, it seems fine for us. Sometimes, the sentence may not fall in the right category of grammar and you have to face issues in the end.

In spoken English, it is not necessary to think about the Cumulative sentence or periodic sentence as well. Until you are not working on the language mechanics or want to excel in the language as a professional. The literature scholars, teachers, and students have to go through the details that involve words, phrases, and sentences as well.

Understand the sentence structure and different types

Normally, we believe that a combination of multiple meaning words in a systematic manner form a sentence that delivers a meaning. The basic purpose of language is to communicate. We have to express our feelings, ideas, emotions, incidents, or stories with the help of words. The types of sentences that normally fall between cumulative sentences and periodic sentences are the way of expressing something. It is just like a difference between the narrations of every individual about the incident.

Some people like to express objective notions and others keep it subjective. We use to talk inactive voices or passive voices. The technicality is similar to the writing expression. Some of the writers like to break the news in the beginning, while others prefer to create suspense and then lead to the main thing. In such conditions, a cumulative sentence can help the people who want to create an impression in writing.

Cumulative sentence definition

A cumulative sentence is designed as a set of words having an independent clause or phrase at the beginning that is supported by other dependent clauses. The cumulative sentence literary definition explains it as a sentence that represents an incident in advance and then provides its supportive actions. As a cumulative sentence example, you can see the sentence, “We pray for the nation, everyone is in a critical state and it is a hard time.”

The sentence explains the matter of praying for the nation in advance. Later on, the other part of the sentence, provide reasoning why we need to pray for the nation. It is similar to the loose sentence structure that explains the completely even in the beginning and later builds a background to it. For the readers, it seems a little easier to understand the sentence and look into the matters clearly.

Subordinated Cumulative sentence

Many times people confuse the Cumulative Sentence structure with Subordinated Cumulative sentence. Both terms are the same and refer to Cumulative sentences in actually. We can divide a cumulative sentence into two parts, independent clause, and subordinate clause. When a person uses the main action in the first clause then there is a need for a subordinate clause to explain the first action.

For example, in a sentence if we mention, she is running, then we have to mention in the other part why she is running, from or to where she is running. Without the subordinate part, it is impossible to get a complete meaning of the sentence. To avoid confusion, we have to add, she is running towards the tower so she can catch phone signals. The subordinate clauses and part of the sentence make it complete and deliver a complete meaning to readers or listeners in actuality.

To practice loose cumulative sentences, it is necessary to understand that all of its parts are equally important to deliver meaning. You cannot miss out on any of these parts from the basic structure. Even the subordinate part of the sentence requires the same attention for effective communication.

How to create a Cumulative sentence

Creating a cumulative sentence is not a difficult thing at all. You just have to be precise with what you are explaining. The only thing you need to focus on is putting the independent action phrase at the beginning and the rest of the phrases at the end. It will help you to keep the situation explanatory and let the reader understand what you are explaining.

In the creation, you need to use active and clear words or phrases. There should not be confusing or distracting the reader at all. Using the simple words and direct action words in the independent clause will help you in clarity. It makes the use of supportive words and phrases with clarity and ease.

Periodic sentence vs. cumulative sentence 

The periodic sentence vs. cumulative sentence is an important term you need to understand when it comes to English literature. Most people get confused about the periodic and cumulative or loose sentences. The difference in both is quite clear, periodic sentences have the supportive phrases in the beginning and actual action in the end. It can be confusing and sometimes hard to read for the client in general when you are just making a scene before dropping the curtains. Sometimes it is good for imagination and sticking the reader of a specific niche to your wiring.

On the other hand, a cumulative sentence drops the curtain in the beginning by exposing the real action. Based on the nature of the sentence, things can be easier to understand or difficult to read as well. Sometimes the readability with cumulative sentences is not an issue. If you are not using too many difficult phrases and terms, things will be easier and smooth. Deciding which one is best among these two is not possible. It is all about your preference for using the sentence combination.

How to rewrite a cumulative sentence a periodic

Rewriting a Cumulative sentence as periodic is not an impossible task to do. English language always allows you to change over the sentence type according to your requirement. All you need is to understand the cumulative sentence rhetorical definition. Once you have an idea about its basics, you will be able to make a difference in the sentence structure accordingly.

Along with the definition, you need to understand the cumulative and periodic sentence structure. When you have an idea about how these sentences are structured, it will be easier to make changes appropriately. Let us talk about the parts of these sentences then two parts are common in these sentences:

  •         Independent clause
  •         Dependent clause

Independent clause refers to a phrase or part of the sentence that contains the main action of the sentence. In every sentence, we have to explain an action, a completion, fact, or happening. This part of the sentence does not require any other support to deliver its own meaning but to explain the whole event. Reading this clause will explain the action of the clause and that makes it independent.

The other dependent clause of the sentence that cannot deliver its meaning is independent but supports the independent clause to complete an action or its reasoning. It is mostly about the reasoning of action in a sentence that makes the whole scenario clear for the reader. Using just the clause in a sentence will not help at all but the writer needs to attach an independent clause before or after the clause.

To change the periodic or cumulative sentence into each other you need to go through cumulative sentence vs. periodic sentence. It helps you to understand at what point you need to change over the independent clause with the dependent one.

In case of changing over the cumulative and periodic sentence, you just need to shift the independent clause from the beginning to the end of a sentence. It is interesting to know that with just the placement difference of the clause from one place to another, you will be able to change the sentence. Sometimes, you may need to edit the structure or words a little bit more. It is because of the meaning and other grammatical requirements.

Bottom line

It is impossible to define which sentence structure is appropriate for writing. The cumulative and periodic sentences are original and have their own importance in English language. The only difference is their usage according to convenience. It is not possible to use these sentences in a row. When working on writing, you can use these sentences according to requirements. Sometimes we want to excite the reader so we put the independent phrase in the beginning. Sometimes to add more suspense to the story we add dependent clauses in the beginning.

All the sentence types and structures are a simple technique to make writing engaging. Sticking the reader with the writing is the goal and we can get it with the appropriate use of these sentences.


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